Lokpal and Lokayukta- Kerala PSC GK Notes

The 'Lokpal' is the central governing body that has jurisdiction over all members of parliament and central government employees in case of corruption. Whereas, the 'Lokayukta' is similar to the Lokpal, but functions on a state level.

The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) set up in 1966 recommended the constitution of a two-tier machinery of a Lokpal at the Centre, and Lokayukts in the states.

The term "Lokpal" was coined by Dr. L.M.Singhvi in 1963.

The first Jan Lokpal Bill was proposed by Shanti Bhushan in 1968.

The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act was passed in 2013 with amendments in parliament, following the Jan Lokpal movement led by Anna Hazare.

India Against Corruption was the anti-corruption movement in India which was particularly prominent during the anti-corruption protests of 2011 and 2012, concerned with the introduction of the Jan Lokpal bill.

Lokayukta means "appointed by the people".

Lokpal will consist of a chairperson and a maximum of eight members, of which 50 per cent shall be judicial members.

50 per cent of members of Lokpal shall be from SC/ST/OBCs, minorities and women.

The Lokayukta is appointed by the Governor on advice of Chief Ministerin consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court .

The term of appointement is five years.

The Lokayukta, along with the Income Tax Department and the Anti Corruption Bureau, mainly helps people publicise corruption among the Politicians and Government Officials.

Lokayukta has no power to punish anyone but only recommend punishment.

Maharashtra was the first State to introduce the institution of Lokayukta in 1971.

Karnataka Lokayukta is considered as the strongest Lokayukta in the country.

The Lokayukta of Kerala was formed under the Kerala Lokayukta Act 1999.

First Kerala Lokayukta: Justice P C Balakrishna Menon

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