Jana Gana Mana: India National Anthem - GK Notes


  • Janagana mana is composed in Bengali by poet Rabindranath Tagore.
  • The complete song of Janagana mana consists of 5 stanzas.
  • The first stanza of the song Bharata Bhagya Bidhata was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India as the National Anthem on 24 January 1950.
  • The first political occasion in which Janaganamana sung was the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress in 1911.
  • Janaganamana was first published in the journal, Tattwabodhini Patrika in 1912 under the title 'Bharat Vidhata'.
  • A formal rendition of national anthem is completed in 52 seconds.
  • A shortened version consisting of the first and last lines of national anthem is sung in 20 seconds.
  • English translation of Janaganamana was made by Rabindranath Tagore under the title The Morning Song of India.
  • Rabindranath Tagore wrote Janaganamana at the request of his intimate friend Ashutosh Choudhary who was a judge of Kolkata High court.
  • The English translation of national anthem begins with the words: Thou art the ruler....
  • The region mentioned in the national anthem which at present not a part of India is Sind. 
  • Capt.Ram Singh Thakur composed the tune for  Janaganamana.

Video: Rabindranath Tagore singing Janaganamana


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