A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:
- The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (as of 2014, 11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
- At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.
- A party gets recognition as State Party in four or more States
Indian National Congress(INC)
Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee was the first president of the Congress.
Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP)
Formed in 1980.
The BJP's origins lie in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, formed in 1951 by Syama Prasad Mookerjee,
After the State of Emergency in 1977, the Jana Sangh merged with several other parties to form the Janata Party; it defeated the incumbent Congress party in the 1977 general election. After three years in power, the Janata party dissolved in 1980 with the members of the erstwhile Jana Sangh reconvening to form the BJP.
Communist Party of India(CPI)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI-M)
Formed in 1964
The party emerged from a split from the Communist Party of India in 1964. The CPI(M) was formed at the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of India held in Calcutta from 31 October to 7 November 1964
Newspaper People's Democracy, Ganashakti, Deshabhimani
Bahujan Samaj Party(BSP)
Formed in 1984
The Bahujan Samaj Party was founded on the birth anniversary of B.R. Ambedkar (i.e. 14 April 1984) by Kanshi Ram,
All India Trinamool Congress(AITC)
Formed in 1998
Founder: Mamata Banerjee
Newspaper : Jago Bangla (Bengali)
Nationalist Congress Party(NCP)
Formed in 1999
Founder: Sharad Pawar, P. A. Sangma, Tariq Anwar