Idukki District - PSC NOTES

Formed : 26 January 1972
Headquarters: Painavu
Second largest District of Kerala

  • Anamudi(2695 m) is the highest peak in Kerala. It is situated in the Kuttampuzha Panchayat of Adimali Block, Devikulam taluk.
  • The Pambar River originates in the Anaimudi Hills.
  • Vagamon is a hill station in Idukki.
  • Eravikulam National Park is the first national park in kerala. It became a National Park in 1978.
  • Pampadum Shola National Park is the smallest national park in Kerala. Established in 2003.
  • Periyar National Park established in 1982. Founded as Nellikkampatty Game Reserve in 1934. It is notable as an elephant reserve and a tiger reserve. 

  • Kumali is known as 'the Gateway of Thekkady'.
  • The Mullaperiyar dam was built in 1895, is the first dam in Kerala. Located on the Cardamom Hills of Idukki District.
  • The Mullaperiyar dam is constructed at the confluence of the Periyar and Mullayar.
  • Pallivasal electric project commissioned in 1940 is the first Hydro-electric project in Kerala-Muthirampuzha river.
  • The second Hydroelectric project in Kerala is Chenkulam (1954)- Muthirampuzha.
  • Idukki dam is situated between Kuravan and Kurathi hills.
  • The Idukki dam is the first Indian arch dam, build across the Periyar river.
  • Munnar means "three rivers",referring to its location at the confluence of the Mudhirapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundaly rivers.
  • Moolamattom Power Station the largest underground power station in Kerala.
  • Cheruthony is the largest and highest gravity dam in Kerala.
  • Periyar (244 km) is the longest river in Kerala. It originates from Sivagiri Hills.
  • Periyar National Park was established in 1982.
  • Chinnar is a rain shadow region of Kerala.
  • Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Devikulam taluk in the Idukki district.
  • Many rare species of animals including Grizzled giant squirrels, Indian star tortoise are spotted in Chinnar.
  • Kurinjimala sanctuary in Idukki gets its name from the word Kurinjimala which means a mountain where Kurinji blooms.
  • The Ponmudi Dam is a masonry gravity dam in Idukki.
  • The Mankulam grama panchayat in Idukki is the first Panchayat in Kerala to sell electricity.
  • Idukki District leads in the production of tea, cardamom, pepper, vanilla, cloves.
  • Important Waterfalls in Idukki- Thommankkuthu, Keezharkuth, Cheeyappara, Lakkom, Thoovanam 
  • Mattuppetty Indo-Swiss Project is a livestock project of Kerala started in 1963.
  • Chitra Pournami festival of Mangala Devi Kannagi temple is famous. It is located on the border of Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
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  • Idukki district is the first district in India to get connected with super-fast broad band system as part of Digital India.
  • Idamalakkudi is the first tribal panchayath of Kerala.
  • Kumily is the largest Gram Panchayat in Kerala
  • Ramakkalmedu wind farm is in Idukki.
  • Thodupuzha is the only muncipality in Idukki district.
  • Udambannoor in Idukki is the first Bio-village in Kerala.
  • Vandanmedu in Idukki is the largest producer of cardamom in the world.
  • Cardamom Research Station, Pampadumpara was established in the year 1956 under the State Department of Agriculture, Government of Kerala.
  • Indian Cardamom Research Institute (ICRI) was established in 1978 as the research wing of Spices Board India, at Myladumpara.


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