Kerala Geography Facts: PSC exam Notes



  • Area : 38,863 km²
  • Area of kerala is 1.18% of India’s total landmass.
  • According to area, Kerala has 22nd position in India.
  • Situated between the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east.
  • Boundary states: Tamil nadu, Karnataka
  • Kerala districts without boundary of other states: Kozhikode, Alappuzha, Ernakulam, Kottayam
  • District with only boundary of other districts: Kottayam
  • Average height of Western Ghats in Kerala : 900m
  • Highest peak in South India is Anamudi (2695m)
  • Anamudi is located in Devikulam Taluk in Munnar Panchayat in Idukki district.
  • Second highest mountain peak in Kerala : Agastyamala
  • Kerala North to South Distance: 560km
  • Kerala East to West Distance: 60 km
  • National Waterway 3  is from Kollam to Kottapuram
  • Length of sea coast: 580km
  • District with most coastal length = Kannur (82 km)
  • District with least coastal length = Kollam (37 km)
  • No of districts with sea coast: 9
  • Districts without sea coast: Pathanamthitta, Palakkad, Kottayam, Wayanad, Idukki
  • Longest Drive-In Beach in India: Muzhappilangad beach(5.5km)
  • No rivers in kerala : 44
  • Longest river in Kerala : Periyar(209 km)
  • Shortest river : Manjeswaram river (16km)
  • Northern most river in Kerala : Manjeshwaram Puzha
  • Karamana river flows through the Kerala capital city, Thiruvananthapuram .
  • No of Backwaters: 34 
  • Largest Lake in kerala: Vembanad Lake
  • Second largest lake: Ashtamudi Lake
  • Smallest Lake in Kerala: Uppala Lake
  • Northernmost Lake: Uppala Lake (Kasargod)
  • Southern most Lake in Kerala: Veli Lake(TVM)
  • Largest Fresh water lake: Sasthamcotta Lake
  • Northern most fresh water lake in Kerala: Pookode Lake(Wayanad)
  • Southern most freshwater lake: Vellayani Lake(TVM)
  • Most hottest district: Palakkad
  • Hottest place in Kerala: Punalur and Chittur
  • Least hottest district: Idukki
  • Least hot place: Munnar
  • Average rainfall of Kerala: 300cm
  • Month which receives most rainfall in Kerala: July
  • Month which receives lowest rainfall : January
  • District having largest rainfall in Kerlala: Kozhikode
  • District having lowest rainfall in Kerlala: Thiruvananthapuram
  • Neriamangalam in Ernakulam receives highest rainfall in Kerala
  • Chinnar in Idukki receives lowest rainfall in kerala. Also known as rain shadow region.

Also Read

Kerala Rivers: Questions

Passes in Kerala
Kerala Geography: Objective MCQ



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