Kerala Basic GK- 100 Important Facts


1. KERALA represents 1.18% of total area of India
2. Total coastal area of Kerala is 580 km
3. Sex ratio of kerala – 1084:1000
4. Total number of Taluks – 75
5. Total Block panchayats – 152
6. Number of cantonments – 1 ( Kannur)
7. Townships – 1 ( Guruvayur)
8. Total MLAs – 141
9. Number of Loksabha seats – 20
10. Number of rajya sabha seats – 9
11. Rivers – 44
12. Lakes -34
13. National highways – 9
14. Wild life sanctuaries – 18
15. National parks – 5
16. Scientific name of state flower – Cassia Fistula (kanikkonna)
17. Scientific name of official bird- Buceros Bicornis (Great Indian Hornbill)
18. Official fruit – Jack fruit
19. Scientific name of jack fruit – Artocarpus Heterophyllus
20. Official fish – Karimeen (Green Chromide)
21. Longest river – Periyar
22. Largest fresh water lake – Sasthamcotta
23. First national park – Eravikulam
24. Largest national park – Eravikulam
25. Biggest lake – Vembanad lake
26. First wild life sanctuary – Periyar (Thekkady)
27. First dam – Mullapperiyar (1895)
28. Biggest dam – Malampuzha (Palakkad)
29. First hydro electric project – Pallivasal
30. Biggest hydro electric project – Idukki
31. Eravikulam National Park established - 1978
32. Silent valley established in– 1984
33. Old name of Silent valley – Sairandhri vanam
34. Northernmost fresh water lake- Pookkodu lake
35. Highest dam – Idukki
36. First private sector hydro electric project- Maniyar (Pathanamthitta)
37. Biggest Private sector hydro electric project – Kuthumkal (Idukki)
38. Southernmost river- Neyyar
39. Northernmost river- Manjeswaram puzha
40. Northernmost lake- Uppala lake
41. Southernmost lake – Veli lake
42. Southernmost fresh water lake – Vellayani 
43. First forest reserve- Konni
44. First underground hydro electric project – Moolamattom (idukki)
45. First concrete gravity dam- Mattuppetti
46. Biggest bird sanctuary- Thattekkad (Ernakulam)
47. First bird sanctuary- Thattekkad
48. First biological park in india- Agasthyavanam
49. First eco-tourism project in india – Thenmala
50. Kerala University- 1957
51. Calicut university – 1988,Thenjippalam, Malappuram
52. CUSAT- 1971- Kalamasseri- ekm
53. Agricultural university- 1971 – Mannuthi- Thrissur
54. MG university- 1983- Priyadarsini hills, Athirampuzha, kottayam
55. Sreesankaracharya Sanskrit university- 1993- Kaladi –Ernakulam
56. Kannur University- 1996- mangattuparampu – KNR
57. NUALS- 2005- kaloor- kochi
58. Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (KVASU)- 2010- Pookkodu(Wayanad)
59. Kerala Health university- 2010- TSR
60. Kerala Fisheries University- 2011- Panangad- Ernakulam
61. Malayalam University – 2011- Tirur- Malappuram
62. First coastal police station – Neendakara
63. Kudumbasree started first in- Malappuram (17 May 1998)
64. First panchayath to get swaraj trophy- Kanjikkuzhi (Alappuzha)
65. First tourist police station- Mattancheri
66. First open prison- Nettukalthery (Kattakkada)
67. First woman governor- Jothi Venkatachalam
68. First woman chancellor- Jothi Venkatachalam
69. First woman high court chief justice- Sujata v. Manohar
70. First malayalee woman high court chief justice- KK usha
71. First woman high court judge – Anna Chandi
72. First malayali woman to be a member of National Human rights commission- Fathima Beevi
73. First woman majistrate- Omana Kunjamma
74. First malayali woman MP- Annie Mascarene
75. First woman IPS officer- R. Sreelekha
76. First woman IAS officer- Anna Malhotra
77. First woman Chief secretary- Padma Ramachandran
78. First woman vice chancellor- Jancy James
79. Second woman vice chancellor- Anwar Jahan Zuberi
80. First woman’s commission chairperson- Sugathakumari
81. First woman minister- KR Gowri
82. First malayali woman appeared on postal stamp- Sister Alphonsa
83. First malayali woman winner of Khel Ratna- KM Beenamol
84. First malayali woman Olympian- PT Usha
85. First malayali woman gold medalist in world Athletic Championship- Anju Bobby George
86. First women prison – Neyyattinkara
87. First woman police station – Kozhikodu(1973)
88. First electrified town in kerala – Trivandrum-1933
89. First soil museum in india is at Parattukonam (tvm)
90. First animation park- KINFRA
91. Ammathottil was launched at – Thycadu( tvm)-2002 nov 14
92. Birth place of Sree Narayana Guru- Chempazhanthy (Trivandrum)
93. Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) started in 1962
94. First rocket launched from TERLS – 1963
95. TERLS dedicated to UNO in 1968 feb 2
96. Headquarters of Kerala Bhasha Institute - Thiruvananthapuram
97. Halcyon palace is situated at Kovalam
98. First Girls high school in south india – Holy Angels convent -1888
99. Numismatics museum - Nedumangad
100. First public library – Trivandrum Public Library
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