Panchayat Raj - India -Study Notes for Exams

  • First state in India to launch Panchyati Raj is Rajastan on October 2, 1959.
  • The first South Indian State to start Panchayat Raj System is Andhra Pradesh in 1959.
  • On 24 April 1993, 73rd Amendment Act 1992 came into force to provide constitutional status to the Panchayati Raj institutions in India.
  • The Amendment Act has added part IX to the Constitution of India entitled as ‘Panchayats’. 
  • The Eleventh Schedule to the Constitution of India contains provision to Panchayats added by 73rd Amendment,
  • Architect of Panchyati Raj - Belwant Rai Mehta
  • The first state to conduct elections of Panchayat Raj institutions after the 73rd amendment is Madhya Pradesh. 
  • The first state to introduce compulsory voting to Panchayat Raj Instititutions is Gujarat.
  • Kerala Panchayat Raj Act -1994
  • Formerly Panchayat Day was observed on the birthday of Belwant Rai Mehta (February 19). Now National Panchayati Raj Day (National Local Self-Government day) is observed on April 24.
  • The states without Panchayati Raj Institutions are Nagaland, Meghalaya and Mizoram and the Union Territory without the same is Delhi.

 The 3-tier system of Panchayati Raj consists of:

1. Village-level Panchayats
2. Block-level Panchayats
3. District-level Panchayats.

  Various Committees on Panchayati Raj

   Balwant Rai Mehta :  1957

   V.T.Krishnammachari : 1960

   Takhatmal Jain Study Group: 1966

   Ashok Mehta Committee : 1977

   G.V.K Rao committee  :1985

   Dr.L.M.Singhvi Committee:1986
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