Kharif, Rabi and Zaid Crops - Features and Examples:India Major Crops

Major crops cropping pattern with seasons

Kharif Crops

The Kharif crop is the summer crop or monsoon crop in India.

Sown in :  beginning of the first rains in July
Harvested :  during the rainy (monsoon) season , between April and October


Major Kharif crops of India include Rice, Millets (Bajra and Jowar), Maize, Mung bean, Groundnut, Red Chillies, Cotton, Soyabean, Sugarcane, Turmeric ,Urad bean etc.


Rabi Crops

The Rabi crop is the spring harvest or winter crop in India .
Sown in: Winter ( Last of October)
Harvested in : Spring (March, April)

Major Rabi crops in India include Wheat, Barley, Mustard, Gram, Sesame, Peas, Sunflower, Coriander, Tomato, Onion, Potato, Oat etc.



Zaid Crop

This crop is grown in some parts of country during March to June.

 Major Zaid crops in India are Watermelon, Muskmelon, , bitter gourd, pumpkin, cucumber  etc.


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